Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Volswagen in the United States Case study Essay

Volswagen in the United States Case study - Essay Example The reason for this paper is to break down Volkswagens American tasks, inspect the impacts of globalization on Volkswagen, and to portray the systems that Volkswagen has created so as to improve its situation in the US. The paper is isolated into three areas. The principal area gives brief writing survey on globalization inside the setting of the car business wherein VW works. This will be trailed by foundation data on Volkswagen’s worldwide tasks, with a specific accentuation on its activities in America. The subsequent segment examines globalization and the issues influencing Volkswagen regarding its advancement and dissemination systems. The last segment investigates the global structure generally fitting for VW dependent on its present situation on the planet showcase. At its generally basic, globalization alludes to the world as one major market and wellspring of data. It is described by a free progression of merchandise, individuals and data around the globe, an internationalization of monetary procedures and the rise of world markets (Lemoine, W. also, Dagnaes, L., 2002). Thus globalization has offered ascend to new ideas, for example, worldwide ventures, associations and techniques used to market and sell worldwide items, brands and administrations. A worldwide industry has been characterized as ‘an industry in which the key places of rivals in major geographic or national markets are on a very basic level influenced by their general operations’ (Porter, 1980, p.275). The car business has been perceived as a worldwide industry as in business exercises or exchanges made by a global car undertaking would not likely follow the plan of action from its host nation. Shimokawa (1999) brought up that these exercises would include: From one viewpoint, an association may by and large be considered as worldwide when it ‘operates in more than one nation and catches R&D, creation,

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Major Differencies Between Eastern and Western Philosophies as the Basis for Adult Education Essay

Western way of thinking has its foundations in Athens, Rome and Judeo ­Christianity while Eastern way of thinking is gotten from Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. As Greek and Latin are to Western civilisation, so old style Chinese is to East Asian civilisation. I will concentrate on four significant contrasts among Eastern and Western methods of reasoning. 1. Western Individualism and Eastern Collectivism In the Grecoâ€'Roman convention, the picture of Prometheus intensely delineates the battle for singular opportunity. Prometheus had conflicted with Zeus, the almighty god who administered the sky from Mt. Olympus. Prometheus irritated Zeus by making individuals. To shield the people from Zeus, he took fire from Hephaestos, the blackmith god and offered it to the individuals. This infuriated Zeus to the degree that Prometheus was anchored to a stone and a falcon removed his liver. In European awareness, Prometheus had become the saint who: â€Å"†¦defied the male controlled society for the sake of individual opportunity, who brought light into our haziness. He was simply the friend in need who yielded for humanity, the advocate who brought the endowment of innovation down from paradise, the educator who instructed us that we are not at the impulses of the divine beings any more, who showed us the best way to utilize our knowledge to assume responsibility for the world†. The Christian convention has likewise fortified the thought of individual rights. The Bible discusses God making Man in His own picture and letting him â€Å"have domain over the fish of the ocean, and over the fowl of the air, and over the dairy cattle and over all the earth, and each crawling thing that creeps upon the earth† (Genesis 1:26). By correlation, the Chinese live in a universe of commitments: â€Å"†¦obligations to serve the ruler, commitments to work for the family, commitments to obey older folks, commitments to support family members, commitments to do well to celebrate the name of predecessors, commitments to guard the nation in a tough situation, and commitments to oneself to develop one’s own uprightness. It would likewise appear that rights just have a place with one individual â€' the Son of Heaven. Confucianism advances conservatism and this smothers innovativeness and ransacks the individuals of selfâ€'introspection. 2. Fragmentary and Holistic As per Fritjof Capra, the accentuation of sane idea is embodied in Descartes’ observed statement,’Cognito, thus sum’ â€' ‘I think, consequently, I exist.’ This has commandingly urged Westerners to liken their character with their reasonable brain instead of with the entire creature. This division between the psyche and the body has prompted a perspective on the universe as a mechanical framework comprising of discrete items, which thus were diminished to major structure hinders whose properties and communications were thought to totally decide every single common marvel. This unthinking origination of the entire world is as yet the premise of the vast majority of our sciences and keeps on affecting our lives. Scholarly trains become divided and this has filled in as a method of reasoning for regarding the universe as though it comprised of independent parts to be misused by various gatherings. The embodiment of the Eastern world view is the familiarity with the solidarity and the shared interâ€'relation of all things and occasions, the experience of all wonders on the planet as sign of an essential unity. Everything is viewed as free and indistinguishable pieces of an astronomical entire, as various signs of a similar extreme reality. The Eastern customs allude to this extreme, resolute reality as Brahman in Hinduism, Dharmakaya in Buddhism and Tao in Taoism. 3. Strife and Harmony The Marxist perspective on history considered change to be emerging from a ‘dialectic ‘interplay of contrary energies â€'hence class battle and strife. Western civilisation put together itself with respect to the battle between the Good and Evil, God and Satan or Psyche and Cupid. Eastern philosophical idea depends on this thought of the Yin and the Yang. Frithjof Capra portrays the Yang as the strong,male inventive force related with Heaven while yin is the dark,receptive, female and maternal component. The dim yin and the brilliant yang are orchestrated in a balanced way. They are dynamic â€' a turning balance proposing mightily a constant cyclic movement.The two dabs in the outline represent the possibility that every last one of the powers arrives at its extraordinary, it contains in itself the seed of the opposite.’Life’ says Chuang Tzu’is the mixed congruity of the yin and the yang.’ Taoism penetrates the financial and public activities of the Chinese through geomancy, qigong, Chinese medication and icon revere. As Chan observes:†Almost each lodging, office and business developing that includes gone inside the most recent decade holds fast to specific standards of geomancy or â€Å"Fengshui† â€' the craftsmanship and study of blending man and nature. 4. Optimism and Pragmatism. The Western thought of vote based system doesn't fit into the Eastern plan of things without any problem. In a meeting by the Daily Telegraph on 16 October 1989 the previous Prime Minister commented that: I think in a for the most part Chinese electorate, the possibility of a devoted resistance and an elective government doesn't come without any problem. You’re either possibly in support of the administration. The Confucianistic thought of social progressive system where a person’s presence is social, reaching out from his family, society and nation. The practicality of the East is exemplied in the manner Confucianism has been utilized to underline request through social progressive system and the guidelines and shows. Taoism gave the significance of life and in this manner praise Confucianism. Confucius lectured the teaching of the present time and place. The accentuation is one of â€Å"life and life† and not â€Å"life and death.† The sage would have liked to â€Å"hear the correct path toward the beginning of the day, and bite the dust at night without lament. â€Å"What establishes the framework of life for the Chinese is the family and the continuation of the family likewise implies the passing on of understanding, culture and thought. The Taoists has an equivalent perspective on life and passing considering life to be demise as the returning out and going of a human type of presence. Chuang Tsu talks of â€Å"coming and going â€Å". Lao Tzu said,†out to life, in to death.† The core of the issue is to make the best of the present.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Racism in the African-American Community Essay Example for Free

Bigotry in the African-American Community Essay Theoretical Racism is today seen as a social and ridiculous shrewdness that attempts to subvert certain people dependent on their skin shading. It is completely clear that the U. S. still experiences a few hints of prejudice, however shockingly, a major larger part of these cases originate from the African-American people group. While numerous individuals hold the supposition that the African-Americans are the ones that are consistently on the less than desirable end, new surveys uncover that they are the ones who show more supremacist conduct than the whites. This paper tends to a portion of the reasons that lead to bigotry among the African-American people group and furthermore plots how this progress gradually came into place after the appearance of the twentieth century. Furthermore, this paper covers the outcomes of this hazard and its effect on the sort of harmony that is available in today’s free states. Eventually, this content attempts to draw a line on the unmistakable obstruction between what African-Americans call bigotry and how Americans see a similar social wickedness. It additionally clarifies why prejudice without anyone else is unmerited and bears no significance to the gatherings in question. Bigotry 3 Racism in the African-American Community. Prejudice is a social fiendishness that came because of bondage that started in the United States following English pioneers possessed Virginia and stayed there until the Thirteenth Amendment to the constitution of the U. S. was passed in 1865. During the 90’s increasingly African-Americans experienced persecution from the Americans as the pinnacle of bigotry was obvious during these years like never before. In any case, late surveys from Rasmussen uncover a completely alternate point of view of the present bigotry circumstance in America. The report by Rasmussen showed that numerous Americans accept that blacks are in fact more bigot than Caucasians. Also, the report expressed that an immense percent of African-Americans accept that a bigger number of blacks are in reality supremacist than whites, and this is upheld up by Norton (2011). This report, notwithstanding, wound up being pierced and taunted by certain individuals as they saw it to be false. This requires a genuine evaluation into what is the primary driver of this float into bigotry in the African-American people group and how this will affect people’s relationship. Likewise, it pushes for the need to more readily see how prejudice itself figured out how to remain alive during that time in spite of the way that such practices were for quite some time abandoned in the ongoing years. Purposes behind Racism Clearly, the profound path of bigotry in African-Americans can be begat from the way that blacks originally confronted mistreatment from the whites and this is the thing that prompted the uncivil inclination among African-Americans. Be that as it may, there are up to three additional reasons why African-Americans are ending up being more supremacist than Caucasians. These happen to be the most glaring and hence top the rundown with regards to the elements that outcome into prejudice. Prejudice 4 First, bigotry in the African-American people group may simply be because of various generalizations. The media is additionally answerable for filling this sort of mentality towards. African-Americans since it is through TVs, radios, and the web that a great many people find the hidden danger. Ornelas et al. (2009) keep up that at whatever point youthful African-Americans are presented to specific generalizations, they will in general copy the vast majority of these characteristics and thusly become antagonistic towards individuals from different races. Actually, the greater part of these generalizations are shockingly among the compelling African Americans in the nation. During the 50th commemoration of Martin Luther King Junior’s noteworthy discourse, dark activists showed precisely this sort of conduct. This was apparent through Martin Luther King III who utilized this chance to work up racial scorn as opposed to respecting crafted by his dad. Another explanation behind the predominance of prejudice among the African-American people group is the newness that is available among infants and how they are treated in reality. This is likely the primary motivation behind why African-Americans are gradually showing bigot conduct (Okazaki, 2009). Notwithstanding, this doesn’t consistently occur, yet simply after the guiltless party has been programmed by negative generalizations. A workaround for this is to guarantee that youngsters are presented to individuals from various races at a youthful age so they could become acclimated to being around individuals who they regard unique. This furthermore helps in counterbalancing any negative and false generalizations that may introduce themselves later on. Self-centeredness, combined with torment and outrage, is additionally another substantial motivation behind why prejudice is on the ascent among African-Americans (Lambert, 2009). Narrow-mindedness may have portrayed itself among white individuals before, be that as it may, the case is distinctive today. The tragic truth is that this self-centeredness prompted the making of pessimistic generalizations that at last prompted another line of various disapproved of people (Martin, 2011). Additionally, narrow-mindedness comes in when an African-American would feel more RACISM 5 constrained to invest more energy around individuals of a similar skin shading since they he/she may have been presented uniquely to African-Americans during youth age. Self-centeredness combined with rage for the individuals who perpetrated torment on their ancestors prompts scorn that is coordinated to white individuals. Why Racism among African-Americans Will Not End Soon Recently, eminent TV symbol Oprah Winfrey ventured up to express that prejudice will possibly end when old racists die (Newsbusters. organization, 2014). While this sounds sensible from one point of view, it neglects to address the way that these generalizations will never stop to exist at any point in the near future. By and large, racists will consistently bring forth racists and the cycle is unending. In this manner, in spite of endeavors to control prejudice in the African-American people group, this hazard is still excessively far from being over as new racists will consistently return to supplant their moms and fathers. It is additionally important that this doesn’t just occur among the African-Americans, yet additionally among the whites too. Another motivation behind why bigotry among the African-Americans is a long way from being over is on the grounds that they are believed to put such a great amount of accentuation on themselves at whatever point the word â€Å"racism† is referenced. During a similar meeting that was led by BBC Friday, Winfrey’s remark â€Å"Are there places where individuals despite everything get threatened as a result of the shade of their dark skin shading? † further indicated how the vast majority just view prejudice according to how blacks are dealt with. Taking a gander at the difficult this barely makes it progressively hard to end the threat as the prejudice chain won’t end if everybody essentially safeguarded their skin hues (Bonilla-Silva, 2010). In total, it tends to be seen that prejudice in the African-American people group must be contained yet positively not managed inside a year. Bigotry 6. How Racism Can Be Contained The way that prejudice isn't finishing off with the not so distant future doesn’t fundamentally imply that there is no hope about it. It will surely take a very long time for the world to mend from this propensity, however there are little yet critical methods for guaranteeing that bigotry gradually blurs away in the African-American people group. The first is by teaching youthful African-Americans to dismiss any type of history of America that has components of subjection in it (Shelby, 2009). By reminding the blacks about bondage may incite a sentiment of disdain towards white individuals regardless of the way that servitude finished decades back. African Americans additionally bear the duty of halting from utilizing contemptuous words, for example, â€Å"nigger† or any varieties related to it (Cone, 2010). This is on the grounds that when blacks articulate these words, they additionally will in general incur a similar sort of demeanor in individuals from different races. Furthermore, African-Americans should stop supporting dark just organizations or media houses, for example, BET and Ebony magazine. By and large, anything that portrays the word â€Å"black† ought to be kept away from since it strikes a line between how various Caucasians are from African-Americans, some falsehood (Boykin, 2012). At long last, African-Americans ought to figure out how to welcome the specialty of not too bad dressing and absolutely stay away from the utilization of Ebonics, an African-American slang that is broadly utilized among dark people. While this may appear to be implausible, it is one stage away from terminating prejudice since it shows that even African Americans are attempting to fit in with the whites and essentially not making a bigger hindrance. Joint effort with law implementation offices will likewise be a gigantic advance since this moreover shows they also are worried about the prosperity of their neighbors and their security too. Prejudice 7 Consequences of Racism. Should African-American prejudice endure, there are various things that could occur. Contempt between African-Americans and whites would cause a float among them, and this could without much of a stretch spread to individuals from different races also. The degrees of participation would dive and toward the day's end, nothing would complete (Pieterse, 2010). Other than mixed degrees of collaboration, all things considered, a few people may get uprooted from their homes particularly when terrains begin being asserted by the first occupants of a spot. Separation additionally prompts poor psychological well-being. In 2009, a Cornwell News Study directed an examination on the impacts of bigotry and results indicated that poor psychological well-being is conceivable and it comes because of constant presentation to segregation (Brondolo, 2009). Eventually, there would be absolute ruin if prejudice somehow managed to have its way for there would be zero resistance for somebody with an alternate skin shading paying little mind to that person’s character. Wars could without much of a stretch emit between dark people and white people, and a float will wind up devastating coordinated effort among individuals and hence coming about to a drowsy economy. In synopsis, there is a bad situation for bigotry today. It h

Thursday, June 4, 2020

Revolutionary Things During The Romanticism - Free Essay Example

During the time of Romanticism, there were many factors at play that played a revolutionary part in the art, literature, and music of the nineteenth century. From stressing strong emotion to elevating folk art, language, and custom Romanticism arose in contrast to the rationalism of the Enlightenment. The revolutionary influences during this particular era were due to the French Revolution. Many romanticists rejected aristocracy and the privileged. Ideas such as the theory of evolution and uniformitarianism, which pushed the idea that the past held the key to the present, were just some of the main points in its progressiveness. Looking back to the Middle Ages people began to perceive it to be the pinnacle of art and narrative and set out to retrograde their modern culture. In visual art, embraced freedom, equality, and the promotion of justice whereas painters began to shed light on injustices in dramatic ways that rivaled the more appropriate art at the time. Emphasizing individuality and opinion, artists began incorporating a mood element into their art by manipulating diverse emotional and psychological conditions. In many countries, for example, painters began to use a technique known as plein air, or outdoors, painting. Paying attention to extreme detail of colors and shadows of a landscape or, in a metaphorical sense, portraying humans as being one with nature. Literature during this era, like many other aspects, emphasizes feeling. From this, some of the earliest and most profound writings of the period were found here. However, most people would believe that poetry would be in this category. Instead, I believe that the written proclamations and the spoken word on the nature of human beings and creative expression, such as Williams Wordsworths Preface to Lyrical Ballads, best defines the breakdown of the entire era. He believed that through attention to minute detail, the most mundane objects, feelings, and adventures could be raised to the sensational.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Summary The Matrix - 909 Words

Cogito, Ergo Sum For Descartes, the only absolute truth is that we are something that exists and thinks. â€Å"I think therefore I am.†(Soccio pg 163) All other things that we are human, male, female, have a body, etc. could be just an illusion created by a dream or a deception created by a demon or God. The only thing we can be certain of is that we are some sort of thing and that we think. If this is all a dream, how do I know if I am truly awake? perhaps I am in a dream within a dream. There was a popular series of movies starring Keanu Reeves called the â€Å"Matrix† in which the world is a barren waste land and all the people are incased in tanks and hooked up to tubes with the electricity of their bodies used to fuel the world of the aliens. The people of this world go about their daily lives in a dreamlike state convinced that everything they see and do is real. They wash their cars, go to work, eat and sleep and it is all an illusion. Then some of them are awoken from their dream states to help humanity. They come to realize everything in their life is false. So then how can I tell if I am truly awake? Am I really living in this apartment, did I really make an online purchase at The Body Shop and binge watch â€Å"American Idol† or did I just dream it. Perhaps I think that I can determine awake from dreams because when I am awake and I cut myself I bleed or I bruise when I hit my knee on the coffee table. Therefore I am awake but what about when I dream that I am eating a mealShow MoreRelatedProcess Design Matrix and Summary941 Words   |  4 PagesDesign Matrix and Summary Thomas Beadin OPS/571 December 19, 2013 Mary O’Donnel Process Design Matrix and Summary This process design matrix and executive summary will focus on Chapman Tool and Manufacturing and there performance measurement process. 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Vision: To become the world’s leading Consumer Company for automotive products and services. Mission: We are a global family with a proud heritage passionately committed to providing personal mobility for people around the world. We anticipate consumer need and deliver outstanding products and services that improve people’s lives. Strategies: Aggressively restructureRead MoreThe Pharmaceutical Industrys Connected Line Flow Approach: Drug Production for a Mass Audience912 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿Executive summary In the pharmaceutical industry, most drugs are manufactured in a highly standardized fashion. Researching, testing, and developing a new drug is admittedly a complex, individualized process. However, the actual production of a drug for a mass audience requires a generic approach known as the connected line flow approach. When volume continues to increase, an assembly line is set up. Each worker has a specific role, or task, to complete (Process-design matrix, 2013, Mind).

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Algebra 1 Math Curriculum Paper Written by Middle School...

I am a mathematics teacher, with a middle school education degree (grades 5-9) with an emphasis in mathematics and social studies, teaching at an area high school. I have decided to focus on Algebra I for this curriculum paper, because it requires more abstract thought and problem solving. I will address the following areas: curriculum standards (national, state, local (district)), textbook adoption, community, and design of my classroom. This paper will relate the standards at these three levels, discuss procedures for adopting textbooks, focus on the community background and describe my classroom procedures. The first area that I would like to address is curriculum standards. According to the National Council of Teachers of†¦show more content†¦The Program of Studies lists five critical areas that must be met in the Algebra I class. The first of the five is linear equations, inequalities, and functions and this area relates to 2.7, 2.8, 2.9 2.10, 2.11, and 2.12 of th e Academic Expectations. Nonlinear functions: quadratics, exponential and absolute value are related to 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.11, and 2.12. The third area, proportional reasoning connects to 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.11, 2.12, while the fourth area sequences relates to 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.11, and 2.12. The last of the areas is probability and it relates to 2.7, 2.8, 2.11, 2.12 and 2.13. Now that we know which Kentucky Academic Expectation numbers relate to the Program of Studies critical areas, we need to know what each number covers. The Kentucky’s Academic Expectations 1.5 to 1.9, Mathematical Communication and Reasoning; 1.16, Technology; 2.7, Number Concepts; 2.8 Mathematical Procedures; 2.9, Space and Dimensionally; 2.10, Measurement; 2.11, Change; 2.12, Mathematical Structure; 2.13, Probability and Statistics; Goal 5, Think and Solve Problems; and Goal 6, Connect and Integrate Knowledge. Every high school course should incorporate problem solving, mathematical communication, and co nnections and mathematical reasoning. The Core Content for mathematics assessment specifics what content will be assessed from the Kentucky Academic Expectations and Program of Studies. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Attributes Ethical Leadership In Leading - Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Attributes Of Ethical Leadership In Leading Good? Answer: Introducation Philanthropy refers to the idea, action, activities or event that is executed for the betterment of the humanity. The philanthropy involves sacrifice rather than motive of profit. The activities included in the philanthropy are donation of money to any charity, local shelter volunteer, or collecting find for any disease like cancer and others. Many businesspersons follow the philanthropic idea in order to do wellbeing of the society as well as the humanity. In other hand, the corporate social responsibility (CSR) refers to the idea of business approach contributing to the sustainability of an organization by developing the economical, social and environmental conditions for the key stakeholders of the organization. Most of the nationalized company practices the CSR activities in order to hold the sustainable existence of the organization. While considering the fact of the similarity or the difference between the CSR and philanthropy the two are not the same. However, from the surface perspective CSR and philanthropy looks same, but there is little difference between the two. The practice of philanthropy is done without any personal motive of profit whereas the CSR practice is performed for maintaining the sustainability of the organization (Sahota, 2013). This is the basic deference between the two ideas. Analysis of ethicality of Carlos Slims Personal Philanthropy as Support to his Business Interests: Concerning above analysis of the philanthropy the report discusses the ethicality of the personal philanthropy of Carlos Slim in supporting the business interest. The ethical refers to the some idea, activity or action that is morally acceptable and does not create any dilemma in mind (Othman and Rahman, 2014). Ethical also entails honesty and morality. The chosen case study suggests that the personal philanthropy of Carlos Slim in supporting the business interest is ethical. It is evident from the case study that the philanthropic practice of Carlos Slim was aligned with the business activities. He, apart from owning numerous companies and trying to gain more profit firm all the business, supported education, training and development of the team that orients the business. The ethical philanthropic approach of Slim is evident from his people oriented business approach. As discussed above the work ethical refers to the idea, which is morally acceptable. The approach of Slim is honest and definitely acceptable. The case study presents the fact that he has never shown personal interest in the acquisition of the company Telmex and others, instead he always had shown his business interest with a motive and objective of donating money to the charity. He wanted to execute his philanthropic ideas and practices through his different business approaches. Not only by donating money to the charity but also by establishing financial schemes for the people having low wages, he proved his philanthropic practice to be ethical in terms of the business interest. He focuses on the expansion o business as well as on the welfare of the social lives of human together. There is no doubt that the personal philanthropy of Carlos Slim had been a support to his business interest in an ethical manner. Leadership Style of Carlos Slim: It is not possible to refer to one style as the leadership style of Carlos Slim, rather it can be said that he is the mixture of various styles. In some of the instances of his activities, he is seen as the leader who is task oriented and autocratic. Again, he is also seen using his people oriented approach as the transactional leaders. His managerial styles are based on the situation. Here, in this regard the contingency leadership style can be mentioned. The contingency leadership style changes with the changing of situations (Northouse, 2015). This particular leadership style can be linked with Carlos Slim as his behavioral tendencies imply him to be task motivated or relationship motivated. Martinez (2013) suggests that the managerial principles of Slim include ten principles that are effective and suitable to the management leadership style of Slim. These ten principles include minimal and simple organizational structure that flexible and responsive, austerity maintenance in times of plenty in order to strengthen and accelerate the growth, proactive in seeking simplification, improvement and modernization in productive process, unlimited the company parameters, achieve the business objectives together, focus the re-investing strategy, creativity for problem solving, optimistic vision and approach and feeling of the existence. This principles of management indicates the philosophy and leadership style of Slim. For example, communicating the guiding principles in order to motivate his workers for being innovative and creative in solving problems refers to the transformational leadership style of Slim. For understanding the leadership approaches of Carlos Slim, the Leadership Grid of Robert Blake and Jane Mouton can also be mentioned. The leadership grid not only refers to the alternative leadership style but also help assisting the development process of leadership (Josanov-Vrgovic and Pavlovic, 2014). The variables of the grid are the respect, people and task. The five section of the grid entails different views of leadership style. The grids are: Impoverished management signifies the low concerns for both the tasks and people. The leaders under this group are less interested in work process and leave the decision over to the group of workers. Authority-obedience management displays high concerns for tasks and low concerns for people by the leaders. The leaders under this grid are authoritative and take all the decisions. Country club management refers the high concerns of leader for the people and low concerns for tasks. Leaders following this style tend to seek harmony and avoid conflict in decision-making. Middle of the road management is a non-committal in focusing on the task as well as on the people. The leaders with this style put minimum effort in balancing the people and tasks. Thus, workers of this group are not extremely productive. However, the leadership approach of Slim cannot be categorized individually under any one grid. He reflects the leadership style of authority obedience and country club management. In other hand, though his approach of leadership to certain extent can be related to the contingency leadership style, he never followed ant specific leadership style. Therefore it is better to say that he is the mixture of all leadership style. To discuss the motivational factor of Slim in his works the motivational theories must be investigated. A thorough analysis of the theories will make the motivational factor if Slim understandable. The theories are: Content theories of motivation: The content theories imply the understanding of human needs and the response of the people to different situation (, 2017). These theories are also known as the need theories. The theories included in the content theories are the Maslows Hierarchy of Needs, Erg theory, Herzbergs Two Factor theory and McClellands Need for Achievement, Affiliation and Power. Process theories of motivation: The process theories of motivation refer to the additional insights of people giving meaning to rewards and responding various work related behaviors (, 2017). The theories under this category determined the effort for the sustainability. The theories under this category are Equity theory, Expectancy theory, goal setting and the self-efficacy theory. Reinforcement theories of motivation: The reinforcement theories of motivation focuses on the environment as one of the major sources of rewards influence the behavior of human (Richter, Raban and Rafaeli, 2015). The factors of the theory are the positive rewards, negative rewards, extinction and punishment. While discussing about the motivation of the workers by Carlos Slim, the process theory can be linked with the same. The workers of Slim followed the motivational theory of self-efficacy under this particular category. The theory refers to the sense of the workers of being responsible and self-efficient in plying the role that has been assigned to him. It is noted from the case study that he once commented that his workers are the resource of his business that are ready to take new challenges that comes every day in their way of performing the job. The goal setting theory can also be partly linked with the motivational factor of Slim in motivation the workers. The goal setting theory referring to the effects of setting the goals on the subsequent performance ensures the better outcome from the workers. It is clear from the case study that the workers of Slim are motivated by the buy-into the strategic vision of the organization as defined and goal set by Slim. Concerning about the needs of the workers as addressed by Slim the theory of Maslows Hierarchy of Needs can be mentioned. This particular theory refers to five levels of hierarchy that define the basic needs in of the people in general (Niemela and Kim, 2014). However, the theory can be linked with the workplace too. The five levels being the psychological, safety, social, esteem and self actualization are extremely related to the needs of the Slims workers as addressed by him. It is evident in the first two sections that Slim always had shown his business interest through his personal philanthropic ideas. Therefore, the theory is the perfect example in analyzing needs of the workers that Slim addressed. However, the reinforcement theory cannot be anyhow linked with the motivational leadership of Slim followed by his workers, as the case study does not suggest any instances that are related to this theory. Powers of Carlos Slim: Power can be recognized as the ability of a person to make someone to do some activities that the former person wants to be done. In other words, the power is the ability to control someone or any situations or rather make the desired thing happen. However, it would not be right to say that Carlos Slim have power to control his employees, despite having the ability to control the situation and the workers. Slim was not the dominant leader that usually uses his power to control everyone. Rather it can be said that Slim possessed the personal power that is more like influencing someone to identify himself with the former one. It is better o say that the Slim had tie referent power that was recognized by his workers that influenced enhancing their loyalty and strengthening their buy-into the strategic vision of the organization set by Slim. However, the case study provides evidence that the position of power had been underplayed by Slim in many ways to influence and focus on the ability of the workers in achieving the organizational objectives. In this regard, it can be said that the position of power based on the offerings of the managers to others the first category of reward can be linked with Slims release of power. In other hand, Slim had the personal power based on the workers view, which can be discerned as referent power. Power versus Influence: To discuss about the leadership and the power of Slim on motivating his workers the difference between the power and influence must be understood. The power and influence are not the same (, 2017). The power creates dominance over workers while the influence creates impact on the workers. Power is something that is gained from position, hence the power dominates and control things, whereas the influence is personal and comes from the personal knowledge and values (Lunenburg, 2012). Therefore, the influence can be distinguished as motivational. In other words, the power is something that makes the person to be resented by others, but influence makes the person to be respected by the people. Hence, it is clear from the discussion and the evidence from the case study that Slim did have some power that he gained from the business and money but that he did not use the same in dominating his workers. Rather it can be said that he influenced his workers to be like as a person with whom the workers liked to identify themselves. In addition, he never pushed his workers for achieving the organizational goals of the business; rather he persuades his motivational ideas into his workers that made them identifying him as the leader being referent. In fact, the difference of power and influence is clear from the leadership style of Slim as presented in the case study. Conclusion: This can be concluded from the above discourse on the case study of Carlos Slim that the philanthropic activities of him were related to his business interests. He used his business interests for supporting his philanthropic practices. However, the case study as well as the discussion on the same proves that the personal philanthropic ideas of Carlos Slim in supporting the business interests were ethical. The ethicality of his philanthropic practice is related to his leadership style, which is a mixture of all possible styles of leadership. His leadership style also reflects his motivational ideas and factors in motivating workers to achieve the objectives. The theories in the above report show evidence of the motivational leadership style of Slim. In addition, the report presents that the power of Slim is more influential rather than dominating which indicates the motivational leadership style of the person. Reference: Josanov-Vrgovic, I. and Pavlovic, N., 2014. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE SCHOOL PRINCIPAL LEADERSHIP STYLE AND TEACHERS'JOB SATISFACTION IN SERBIA.Montenegrin Journal of Economics,10(1), pp.43. Lunenburg, F.C., 2012. Power and leadership: an influence process.International journal of management, business, and administration,15(1), pp.1-9. Martinez, J., 2013.Carlos Slim: The Richest Man in the World/The Authorized Biography. Titletown Publishing, LLC. 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